THE GREAT PYRAMID - part 1
by Dennis Gaumond
Due to the recent discovery of an ancient pyramid in Bosnia, there has been renewed interest in all ancient pyramids and a renewed questioning of the explanations that have been given to us by the scientific establishment. The topsoil on top of the Bosnian pyramid carbon dates to 12,000 years ago. Other organic material on top of the pyramid, found by two Italian archaeologists, Dr. Ricardo Brett and Niccolo Bisconti, dates to 25,000 years ago. This suggests that there was an advanced civilization much older than 6,000 years - the age of the Sumerian - which, conventional thought tells us, is the oldest civilization. (For videos on the Bosnian pyramid, click here: Bosnia Pyramid and here: Bosnia Pyramid 2)
In light of this recent discovery, I've decided to share an excerpt from my book, 'Why Is Life?', which synopsizes a great deal of info about the Great Pyramid in Egypt. This will appear in increments over the next several newsletters. Here is the first installment:
There are thirty-three limestone quarries in the American state of Indiana. Most of America's limestone comes from there. It is a major industry in Indiana, using all the modern quarrying technology including huge trucks, cranes and heavy machinery. Merle Booker, technical director of the Indiana Limestone Institute of America estimated that it would take all thirty-three quarries about twent-seven years just to cut the amount of limestone (131,467,940 cubic feet) used in the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Weighing about 7 million tons, which is the equivalent of thirty Empire State buildings, the 2,500,000 stones of the Great Pyramid were cut and then transported many miles from the quarry to the building site, where they were hoisted as high as 480 feet and assembled with incredible precision. This is an unimaginably large amount of stone. If made into a wall three feet high and one foot thick, this amount of stone would create a wall long enough to cross America from the east coast to the west and back!
Conventional Egyptology would have us believe that this was accomplished in twenty years, by 100,000 slaves laboring without the assistance of the wheel. They are said to have used sleds for transportation, and to have built enormous ramps up which the stones, the biggest of which weigh fifty to seventy tons each, were dragged and manipulated into place. No trace of these ramps, which would have been marvels of engineering unto themselves, has ever been found. What would these ramps and sleds have been made of? Wood was and is a rare commodity in that part of the world, consisting largely of soft palm trees and some scattered acacia trees.
If the enigma of the labor aspect seems somewhat implausible, please consider the engineering aspects. These huge blocks were cut so that they fit together perfectly. In the inner chambers there are mammoth fifty to seventy ton blocks of very hard granite, from a quarry 600 miles to the south, which fit together so well that a razor blade cannot be inserted in the seams. The degree of precision is astounding and would be very hard to duplicate even with today's technology. Edges run absolutely strait for hundreds of feet, thicknesses are completely uniform, and some surfaces are polished and perfectly flat. All of these inner chambers and passageways would have had to have been planned and cut before assembly!
The casing stones, which formed the outside covering, were appropriated by Arabs to help rebuild Cairo over 1000 years ago. Consisting of 115,000 blocks of polished white limestone weighing ten tons each, this outer casing was put together with high precision, resulting in a flat, uniform surface. The entire pyramid sits on a thirteen acre square platform which is perfectly level. Anyone who has ever tried to lay a patio stone in their back yard will tell you how difficult a task this is. I could go on and on, but without belaboring the point, the Great Pyramid is an astounding marvel of engineering.
There are many peculiarities in the dimensions and layout of the Giza pyramids that suggest some hidden meaning. Here are some examples:
- In 1864, John Taylor discovered that the perimeter of the base of the Great Pyramid, in proportion to its height, seems to form a pi ratio. (Pi is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. Thus, if the square base were shaped like a circle, then that circumference would be in pi ratio to the height, which is equal to the circle's radius. In other words, the Great Pyramid is equivalent to half a sphere. This results in the sides rising at a 51o angle, which is very steep and difficult to construct. The lesser pyramids are not so steep, except for the Mayan 'El Castillo' pyramid at Chichen Itza which also has this ratio in its design.
- The ancient Egyptians used an inch that is .001 inch larger than a British inch. There are 25 such inches in a cubit. The perimeter of the base of the Great Pyramid is exactly 36,525 of these ancient inches. Divide this number by ten and we have the number of days in a year. If the axis running through the center of the planet from north to south were divided by 500 million, it would equal one of these Egyptian inches.
- There are other astounding correlations between this pyramid and the Earth. If it were a perfectly equilateral pyramid, the angle of the sides to the base would be 60o. But in fact, the Great Pyramid is 'squashed', that is, the angle is 51.51o and not 60o. The Earth is not a perfect sphere, but is also 'squashed' to a tangerine-like shape. In other words, if a perfectly equilateral pyramid were placed inside a sphere so that all the corners were touching the inside wall of the sphere, and then it was compressed to the same degree as the planet, then it would be just like the Great Pyramid! The degree of 'squashed-ness' of the Earth corresponds to that of the pyramid. This suggests that the builders were aware of the dimensions of the planet!
- There used to be a casing of white limestone on the outside of the Great Pyramid. There were enough of these stones to fill 22 acres. Almost all of these are gone now, having been taken around 1220 to help rebuild Cairo, which had been destroyed by an earthquake. Historian Abdul Latif was the last to see and write about the casing stones. He says they fit together, virtually seamlessly, and that there were many hieroglyphics carved into them, enough to fill 10,000 pages. Herodotus testifies to having seen these inscriptions. The Coptic papyrus from the monastery of Abu Hormeis has the following passage: 'In this manner were the pyramids built. Upon the walls were written the mysteries of science, astronomy, geometry, physics and much useful knowledge, which any person who understands our writing could read.' We can only wonder at the information these writings would have yielded. Our ability to decipher such writing has only been gained recently with the discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799. The stone bore parallel inscriptions in Greek and Ancient Egyptian, allowing us to translate the hieroglyphics.
- Robert Bauval has been one of the key proponents of the idea that the Great Pyramid is aligned to certain stars. The shaft that goes out from the King's chamber is aligned with Orion, while the one from the Queen's chamber points at Sirius. The three pyramids at Giza are laid out in exactly the same shape as the three stars of Orion's belt, with one of the pyramids being significantly smaller than the other two in the same way as the stars. When these stars are directly over Giza, they are not a perfect reflection of the pyramid layout, but are tilted. Using a computer to calculate the effect of the precessional movement, it was shown that the last time that the pyramid layout was a perfect reflection of the three stars was in 10,500 BC. At that time, the Sphinx would have been facing the sunrise at vernal equinox. 10,500 BC is a time that was called 'zep tepi' by the Egyptians, which translates as 'the first times'.
- The four faces of the Great Pyramid are aligned exactly with the four directions, north, south, east and west.
- The three pyramids are also laid out according to the proportions of a Fibonacci spiral within a golden mean rectangle According to Drunvalo Melchizadek, the Christ-consciousness grid that surrounds the planet is shaped like a Fibonacci spiral, with its starting point at Giza.
Conventional Egyptology would have us believe that the precision of the Great Pyramid was accomplished using copper hand tools and primitive instruments such as plumb-lines and water levels. The experts tell us that the engineers living in Egypt around 2800 BC were capable of this high level of craftsmanship and calculation, and yet they still hadn't figured out the wheel. The degree of precision with which the Great pyramid was constructed is significantly greater than that required in the building codes of today. This precision is more reminiscent of a tool or instrument than a building. Why was this degree of perfection required by these ancient builders? This question has stumped most Egyptologists, but some have offered that it was some kind of fluke or accident!
They say that this extra-ordinary feat was carried out under the order of a relatively insignificant pharaoh named Khufu, (Cheops in Greek), to serve as his tomb. If this were the case, then surely a larger ego has never walked the face of the Earth. Strange then, that he would not have left his 'signature' on the structure. When, around 820 AD, an Arabian Caliph named Al Mamoun led the first known entry into the Great Pyramid, he found no treasure, no statue or tribute to Khufu. In fact, no evidence has ever been found showing it to be a tomb. Conventional Egyptologists insist on the tomb theory based on very sketchy evidence. A cartouche bearing Khufu's misspelled name (Raufu) was claimed to have been found inside the Great Pyramid by an Englishman, Colonel Richard Howard-Vyse in 1835. This cartouche, which was shown to be fraudulent in 1980, is the only scrap of evidence supporting the tomb theory. Most tombs, including Tutenkhamen's, have been found in non-pyramid structures in the Valley of the Kings, hundreds of miles away from Giza. According to American Egyptologist, Dr. Mark Lehner, none of the other eighty pyramids in Egypt show any indication that they were intended as tombs, and yet this misperception persists.
In upcoming newsletters, we will address the following questions: Why, how and when was the Great Pyramid built, and by whom?